asher63 (asher63) wrote,

HTAN: Connectors


בְּ in (a) … (prefix)
בַּ in the … (prefix)
לְ to (a) …  (prefix)
לַ to the …  (prefix)
וְ and
אֲשֶׁר which, that (relative pronoun)
שֶׁ 🇮🇱 which, that (short for ‘asher’); prefix
שְׁל 🇮🇱 of
אֶת (definite object marker)
תַ 🇮🇱 (contracted definite object marker - colloquial)


The prepositions [b-] and [l-] are written as prefixes, attached directly to the following word.  When combining with the definite article [ha-], they become [ba-] and [la-].

The relative particle [ashér] can mean ‘which’ or ‘who’.  (Don’t confuse it with the name Ásher [אָ֫שֶׁר], which is accented on the first syllable, and means happy or fortunate.)

In modern usage (indicated by the flag icon[🇮🇱]), ‘ashér’ usually contracts to the prefix [she-].  Coupled with the preposition [l-], it forms [shel], meaning ‘of’ - literally, “which is [belonging] to”.  In an upcoming unit, we’ll learn more about how Biblical and Modern Hebrew handle possession.


בְּסֵ֫פֶר in a book
בַּסֵּ֫פֶר in the book
הספר של דויד David’s book

You’ll notice that I left the last example unpointed (without vowels).  That’s not just because the vowels are a lot of work to type (they are), but more importantly so you can feel confident reading unpointed Hebrew.  Try reading these examples aloud now.

//If you said “b’séfer, baséfer, haséfer shel Daveed”, congratulations!//


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